Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant
|Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Station|
The six units of the Zaporizhzhia NPP. The Zaporizhzhia coal power plant is also visible to the left (from Nikopol coast).
|Official name||Запорізька АЕС|
|Construction began||Unit 1: April 1, 1980|
Unit 2: January 1, 1981
Unit 3: April 1, 1982
Unit 4: April 1, 1983
Unit 5: November 1, 1985
Unit 6: June 1, 1986
|Commission date||Unit 1: December 25, 1985|
Unit 2: February 15, 1986
Unit 3: March 5, 1987
Unit 4: April 14, 1988
Unit 5: October 27, 1989
Unit 6: September 17, 1996
|Nuclear power station|
|Cooling source||Kakhovka Reservoir|
|Thermal capacity||6 × 3000 MWth|
|Units operational||6 × 950 MW|
|Make and model||6 × VVER-1000/320|
|Nameplate capacity||5700 MW|
|Annual net output||29,299 GW·h (2016)|
|Commons||Related media on Commons|
The plant is located in Central Ukraine near the city of Enerhodar, on the banks of the Kakhovka Reservoir on the Dnieper river. It has 6 VVER-1000 pressurized light water nuclear reactors, each generating 950 MWe, for a total power output of 5,700 MWe. The first five were successively brought online between 1985 and 1989, and the sixth was added in 1995. The plant generates nearly half of the country's electricity derived from nuclear power, and more than a fifth of total electricity generated in Ukraine. The Zaporizhzhia coal power station is also located nearby.
In 2017 modernisation work was completed on unit 3, enabling a 10 year life-extension to 2027.
In May 2014, 40 armed members claiming to be representatives of Right Sector allegedly tried to gain access to the power plant area. The men were stopped by the Ukrainian police before entering into Enerhodar. The real intentions of the armed members are unclear as the Right Sector claimed they had, "no plans to storm the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant."
The Zaporizhzhia power plant is located around 200 km away from the War in Donbass combat zone, where fighting has become very severe in 2014. On 31 August 2014, a Greenpeace member, Tobias Münchmeyer, expressed concerns the plant could be hit by heavy artillery from the fighting.
On 3 December 2014, Prime Minister Arseny Yatseniuk announced the occurrence of an incident several days before at the Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant. The cause of the incident was reported as a short circuit in the power outlet system and was not linked to the site's production. One of the six reactors of the plant was shut down twice in December 2014. This and lack of coal for Ukraine's coal-fired power stations lead to rolling blackouts throughout the country from early till late December 2014.
- Nuclear power in Ukraine
- Enerhodar Dnipro Powerline Crossing
- List of power stations in Ukraine
- Orders of magnitude (energy)
- Threat of the Dnieper reservoirs
- Zaporizhzhia DRES
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Ukraine to Import Coal From ‘Far Away’ as War Curtails Mines, Bloomberg News (Dec 31, 2014)
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